The Committee in its first meeting, amongst others, resolved to incorporate D.C.P Traffic, Howrah and Director, Public Vehicles Department, (P.V.C) Kolkata as a member thereby making it a perfect mix of the authorities immediately concerned with the matters in issue and eminent Scientists who’re specialists in the topic. It can due to this fact, be firmly concluded that the suggestions made by the Committee is a result of wide consultations amongst them considering the points of view and the perception of both the State Government and the experts. PM2.5 is considered to be the worst air polluter. WBPCB measured this parameter at two stations until 2015, and, considering the visitors density and migration profile, has elevated two extra stations in Kolkata.

The date of entry and exit from the town be monitored by adopting measures to share information amongst the Check Posts arrange at the entry points. Any vehicle plying throughout the twin metropolis limits registered outdoors its territorial limits shall not be permitted to remain in the city beyond a period to be specified which shall not in any case be multiple week.

The WBPCB ought to discover the likelihood to integrate Kolkata and Howrah twin metropolis with National AQI alert system. This examine may be performed by a national level agency, which has the experience and expertise in conducting such studies. The final Report of the Expert Committee was submitted on 24th February, 2016. We document our appreciation of the truth that the Committee has handled the matter in meticulous detail in getting ready the report which would serve as a knowledge base for the concerned authorities, notably the Departments of Transport and Environment as nicely the WBPCB, in dealing with issues related to ambient air within the cities of Kolkata and Howrah.

Further to this the 2 CAAQM stations at Victoria and RBU may have PM2.5 set up by this 12 months and the brand new stations at Science City, BITM and Sector V in Kolkata and Ramkrishna Mission University, Belur and Padmapukur Water Works in Howrah may have related installations. The evaluation in this relation is offered at Annexure-2 eleven.The Committee suggested that the WBPCB ought to explore chance of displaying the air high quality information in digital show boards on the strategic areas in Kolkata and Howrah together with the web site on regular foundation. The Principal Secretary, Department of Transport, Govt. of West Bengal is granted 4 weeks time to submit a report on extra number of AETCs to be set up in Howrah and Kolkata primarily based on precise survey so as to ensure that the car house owners do not face any difficulty to check their vehicles as soon as in six months as per current rules. The transport department will also make sure that all these additional AETCs are arrange within three months and turn out to be operational.

After these AETCs turn out to be operational, the Tribunal will contemplate whether linking the PUC with buy of gasoline from accredited fuel shops will be helpful to prevent air air pollution from automobiles. Centre of Science and Environment, New Delhi of their citizens report on air quality and mobility in Kolkata published in 2011 has discussed many aspects of air pollution in Kolkata & Howrah based on the survey/research made up to 2009. The report reveals that contribution of street dust and car motion contribute to 32% of the air air pollution and out of 9 areas, nitrogen dioxide was in important level in seven areas and high in two whereas PM10 was critical in three locations and high in 4 places.

This was additionally the stand of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Government of India which was added as Respondent No.7 vide order dated 1st September, 2015 contemplating the universality of the malaise in the complete country. The path was issued with the thing of linking PUC/AETC Certificates with fuelling of vehicles at the petrol pumps on the precept of No PUC, No Fuel as a regulatory measure. Vide order dated 24th February, 2015 related list was also looked for in respect of the areas falling underneath KMDA.

It is also famous by us that in getting ready the ultimate report, order of this Tribunal dated 19.01.2016 was also taken into consideration, apart from terms of reference set out in the order dated 17.eleven.2015. It has additionally inter alia been noticed that in winter, focus of those was higher within the night time than day time and, that the phenomenon are reversed during the summer months as a result of climate situations. On sixth May, 2015, we directed the Commissioner of Police of Kolkata and Howrah and the Principal Secretary, Transport Dept.

Analysis of air high quality knowledge reveals that whereas the evening time concentrations in Kolkata and Howrah are higher than the day time focus in winter time, the phenomena is reserved during the summer time months. This happens because of change in climate situations.


In Kolkata nearly 65% of all automobiles and 99% of business automobiles are diesel run which emit toxic carcinogens. Kolkata has earned the notoriety as diesel capital of India.

  • It has also inter alia been noticed that in winter, focus of these was greater within the night time than day time and, that the phenomenon are reversed during the summer months as a result of weather circumstances.
  • They are directed to file an affidavit in respect of variety of autos checked till 31.12.2015, variety of automobiles with out legitimate PUC out of the entire automobile checked & steps taken towards such non-complaint car homeowners.
  • On 6th May, 2015, we directed the Commissioner of Police of Kolkata and Howrah and the Principal Secretary, Transport Dept.
  • West Bengal to examine each and every car plying in twin cities for valid PUC certificates and take steps and measure against the vehicles house owners who are running their vehicles with out valid PUC.
  • 6.It can also be the competition of the events that most of the machines in AETCs remain non- functional and certificates are issued with none examine in trade of charge.
  • It can also be famous by us that in preparing the final report, order of this Tribunal dated 19.01.2016 was also considered, apart from phrases of reference set out in the order dated 17.11.2015.

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The Member Secretary, PCB and the Principal Secretary Transport Department shall submit proposal within 4 weeks an affidavit computerisation of AECTs and connecting them to a centralised server for monitoring. They are additionally directed to make surprise examine of the AETCs models and impose heavy penalty on the house owners for violation when it comes to issuing certificate manipulating the info or keeping the system non-functional with out prior intimation. respondents as per todays order are available to us.

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This, in fact, is left to be determined by the involved authority. (v) The Air Quality Index (AQI) is a vital first step for enhancing air high quality in urban areas as it results in enchancment in public awareness on native air pollution ranges and related well being advisories. For example, the AQI identifies delicate populations that ought to take special precaution together with folks with asthma, lung ailments and coronary heart illness. It also alerts individuals to make daily life-style changes on high severity days. Accordingly to protect citizens from air air pollution, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India recently launched a National Air Quality Index (AQI) alert system for main cities that notifies the general public about air air pollution ranges and related well being risks.

Sometimes the readings are manipulated in the centre to issue a valid certificate. This type of manipulation or issuing certificates despite the fact that the vehicles do not comply to the standard is basically as a result of absence of fixed monitoring by the Pollution Control Board/Transport division. Such downside could be resolved if the system of all of the AETCs are connected to the central server where the actions of all of the centres shall be monitored.

West Bengal to check every automobile plying in twin cities for valid PUC certificates and take steps and measure towards the automobiles house owners who are operating their automobiles without legitimate PUC. They are directed to file an affidavit in respect of variety of autos checked till 31.12.2015, number of vehicles with bitm)ors out legitimate PUC out of the whole car checked & steps taken towards such non-grievance car homeowners. 6.It is also the rivalry of the parties that many of the machines in AETCs stay non- practical and certificates are issued without any examine in exchange of payment.

The Pollution Control Board shall gather information from the Traffic Department in regards to the variety of completely different category of automobiles operating on such high pollution contributing routes and the committee based on such information will recommend the correct motion of automobiles in these routes in order to avoid congestion, hereby reducing air pollution On submission of such listing by the WBPCB, on 25th February, 2015 the Auto Emission Testers Association, on their software, was impleaded as Respondent No. 5 granting them go away to file reply to the unique application. While the Auto Emission Testers Association, Respondent No. 5 objected to growing the variety of PUC/AETC Centres in the city of Kolkata, the West Bengal Petroleum Dealers Association on their part asserted that the concept of NO PUC, NO FUEL was impracticable for numerous causes.

The report also discusses the mobility crisis as 65% of the arterial roads in Kolkata are congested. Interestingly the vast majority of Kolkata citizens who expertise the air pollution problem need a change. Many ideas have been made in each side to combat the air pollution degree. Compliance report on engagement of agency to undertake the work be filed inside four weeks & report of companies within three months.

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The State Pollution Control Board shall present to the Committee the current air air pollution knowledge from ambient air together with morning and evening knowledge collected from different areas of dual cities of Kolkata and Howrah and in addition the quantity and placement of air air pollution monitoring stations (each handbook and computerized). In order to make sure strict monitoring and to enforce compliance of the regulation, the division of Transport in collaboration with State police shall be sure that such vehicles enter the cities only on manufacturing of PUC certificates, and on payment of prescribed entry fee.